Trademark Jurisdiction

The Trademarks Act 1999 is the legislation presently in force in India that governs the realm of trademarks in India. All marks such as a word, device, numerical, label, or color combination that is depicted graphically to portray any services or goods that can be registered as a trademark in India. Appropriate office of the Trademarks Registry for the purpose of filing a document in the office within the territorial jurisdiction of which the principal place of business of the applicant in India is situated. 

In case there is no entry in the register with regards to the principal place of business in India of the proprietor, the place is given in the address for service in India as entered in the register is considered as the principal place. If the proprietors are registered jointly then, the principal place of such a business in India will be situated at the place of the business owner whose name is entered first in the register. But if neither joint proprietor has their principal place of business in India,

then the address for service in India of those joint proprietors as entered in the register shall act as the principal place of business in India.   If the registered proprietor or neither joint proprietors of the trademark have no principal place of business in India doesn’t contain any address for service in India entered in the register then the place of the office of the Trade Marks Registry where the application for registration of the trademark was made shall be deemed to be the principal place of business.

 A trademark for which an application for registration stands pending against the notified date or if it is made on or after the notified date, in such cases the office of the Trade Marks Registry within whose territorial limits the principal place of business in India mentioned in their application or in case the applicants have made an application jointly, the principal place of the applicant whose name is entered first in such application shall be termed as the principal place of business.

In some situations where both the applicant and any joint applicant has a specific principle place of business in India, the place mentioned as the address for service in India as specified in the application shall be deemed as the place of the business. What happens in case of a change in the principal place of business or address for service? There will not be a change in the principal place of business in India or in the address for service in India: 

A registered proprietor or any jointly registered proprietors related to any trademark entered in the register at the notified date that is made or effected subsequently.

of an application or joint applications for registration for any trademarks for which an application is either pending against the notified date or have been made on or subsequent to the date or to the date of filing of such application. None of the above-mentioned circumstances affect the jurisdiction of the appropriate office of the Trademarks Registry.

The entry of the appropriate office in the Register

Every trademark on the register at the notified date or registered subsequently, then the Registrar shall ensure that the appropriate office of the Trademarks Registry shall be entered in the register. The Registrar may also correct any errors made in such entries at any time.

Offices of the Trademarks Registry

There are five offices of the Trademarks Registry with each having jurisdiction over certain states:

To sum it up, the appropriate office for filing an application for a particular business is ideally the Trademark Registry within whose boundaries the business takes place. For example, if the place of business of the proprietor(s) in India is situated in Mumbai then the office of the Trademarks Registry in Mumbai shall have jurisdiction.